The significance of discussion on implementation issues of a new legislation on civil service and amendments to the anti-corruption legislation Ukraine is difficult to overestimate. All states and nations seeking to maintain or achieve a worthy place in the mainstream of development of modern civilization are forced to make versatile efforts to improve public administration institutions. This improvement is directly related to the reform of executive power, because it is the most important branch from a purely practical point of view – from the standpoint of organization of interrelation between human and state, organization of public administration, the role in organization and ensuring regulation of social relations and public order in general. Primarily this process relates to civil service reform, because certain people who are at public service, represent a particular state.
Today is actively discussed introduction of legislation on civil service and amendments to the anti-corruption legislation of Ukraine, which causes a huge number of publications of scientists and managers practitioners.
A close acquaintance with the contents of these publications showed the presence of a number of problems insufficiently covered, including: lack of development of interdisciplinary scientific researches, phenomena and processes of problematic mentioned above. Examined from this angle problematic issues of implementation of the new legislation on civil service and amendments to the anti-corruption legislation of Ukraine attracted the particular attention of authors to the achievements of modern institutional economic theory within which developed new agenda for modern social sciences in general.
Today, the state plays a key role in establishing of effective institutions and socially necessary order of power. Factor which determines effectiveness of state authorities is that of state agents have appropriate motivation to its effective realization. The problem of creating of effective government is particularly acute in the post-Soviet states in transition, which in a certain sense is no more than an ineffective system of government.
At the beginning of reforms in countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, their main focus was to reduce the role of government in the economy. Liberalization and privatization strategy had intended to change the interaction of state institutions with private companies in the direction of transition from administrative-command methods of economic management to market mechanisms. Herewith much less attention was paid to back side of this relationship – influence of business on power. In countries with transition economy, which include Ukraine this process changes the pace and direction of economic and political reforms, quality and efficiency of public administration.
Modern Ukrainian see social evil of relationship not in the bureaucracy, but in the growth of government bureaucracy, which leads to confusion in the servicing of economy, security, social sphere, limitation of rights and freedoms of citizens, substitution of private initiative with pervasive state control.
A certain level of bureaucratization of public administration will always exist, so completely overcome the corruption in this sphere is impossible in principle. One way of reduction of their number is gradual elimination of bureaucracy in administrative apparatus.
Public service is a key link in the system of public administration. Since the vast majority of economic and social reforms carried out by civil servants, reform of the civil service initiated. Proposed a new approach to public service that meets European standards of public management and brings the state to the status of institution that caters the citizens, namely makes it’s not an instrument of coercion but a service state for people where officials provide quality services, relying on taxpayers’ money, but not a bribe.
Public service is a key element in public administration. Since the vast majority of economic and social reforms carried out by civil servants, and introduced the reform of the civil service. Proposed a new approach to public service that meets European standards of public management and closer to the status of a state institution that serves the citizens, that makes it not an instrument of coercion, and service state for people, where officials provide quality services, relying on taxpayers’ money, rather than bribes.
The purpose of the new Law of Ukraine «About State Service» is to improve the legal regulation of public service in line with European principles of good governance. The main problem of implementation of the new legislation on civil service is the fact that without completing the process of forming of European rational bureaucracy of Weber type, we are forced to bring in our model of public service technology developments of «realistic» models of the end of XX – beginning of XXI century..
Moreover comprehensive analysis of civil service reform is impossible without combination of political, legal, economic, philosophical, sociological approaches, namely requires a multidisciplinary approach. The scale of such studies in the sphere of public administration in general and administrative reforms in particular clearly insufficient and do not correspond to importance of the tasks.
In general, studies of state, statehood (especially as conceptual and institutional forms for the organization and exercise of imperious possibilities), political institutions and processes objectively requires not only specialized but also interdisciplinary approach.
Recently in Ukraine was made a lot against corruption. Not only adoption of anti-corruption law and a number of other legislative acts of anti-corruption direction, but found themselves behind bars many high officials. However, noisy, resonant cases concerning corruption – it just surface of Ukrainian anti-corruption iceberg that is known to be much less than underwater.
As a result, it should be noted that the real situation and effectiveness as reforming of the civil service as fighting the corruption does not satisfy neither high state officials nor overwhelming mass of citizens. But of course, specified questions that actually never left the agenda for two decades of independent statebuilding and began to acquire almost ritual-scholastic character moved into the real area, which greatly activated the expert scientific opinion.