The influence of the public and scientists in public policy national memory as an example of Presidential Decree Ukraine «On measures in connection with the 70th anniversary of the tragedy Koryukovskaya» of 22 September 2011, № 925, and the «Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on the commemoration of the victims of the tragedy Koryukivka during World War II» from October 21, 2011 № 3965-VI. Shown success story involving public policy of National Remembrance largest in the history of World War II in Europe tragedy of extermination by Nazi Punishers 1-2, March 9, 1943 the district center Koryukivka Chernihiv Oblast of Ukraine together with general population – about 7000 people. In the article briefly based on known documents and testimonies, memories of residents of the town highlighted reason, the organizers and executors of the Nazi crimes against the civilian population, progress and results Koryukivka tragedy. Displaying politics of memory on the victims of the tragedy of the postwar period up to 2010, carried out by local authorities on the initiative of the community of the city and region. The author analyzes the results of studies about Koryukivka tragedy. The consequences Nazi crimes: killing about 7 thousand people. However, the actual number of deaths is estimated to researchers and local authorities, is greater than the established commission. Established in 1893 the victim, specifies the persons who made the decision to destroy this town.
In Soviet period and the first nineteen years of independent Ukraine Koryukivka memory of tragedy and their victims dignity preserved urban and regional public support of local authorities. Every year without approval and permit from the regional and central authorities in town national flags are hung with mourning ribbons, held events commemorating the victims of Nazi crimes.
This work has intensified since 2010. In December 2010, the Ukrainian Institute of National Memory, Chernihiv Regional State Administration and Koryukivka Historical Museum published a collection of documents and materials «Koryukivka, 1943: a crime against humanity». In the book first time was published conclusion that the punitive destruction Koryukivka with the civilian population was the largest such crimes in World War II in Europe (1939-1945). Starting from January 2011 the regional authorities, in cooperation with public and veterans’ organizations Kyiv, Chernihiv, Koryukivka, Ukrainian Institute of National Memory, academics and journalists began a powerful information and educational campaign to inform the higher authorities and the public of the about Koryukivka tragedy.
September 22, 2011 the President of Ukraine signed a decree following the consolidated public order and public witnesses of the tragedy, supported personally top officials of central and local executive bodies, deputies of Ukraine and local governments. Decree predicted structures in Koryukivka memorial complex residents of settlements Ukraine destroyed the Nazi occupiers; conduct the research work of scientific forum on the subject, a documentary, edition of the scientific documentary and popular science literature; held in schools and other educational institutions, cultural institutions, military units, lessons memory, lectures, discussions and round tables devoted to the tragic events of March 1943 in Koryukivka; Preparation of thematic television and radio, holding mourning activities for the 70th anniversary of the tragedy Koryukivka at the state level to inform the international community about the tragic events of March 1943 in Koryukivka Chernihiv region.
The scientists found that the Nazi invaders destroyed the 670 settlements with 50828 persons civilians in 16 regions and the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukraine. They found that the greatest tragedy was Koryukivka during the Second World War in Europe, the crime of destruction of settlements with the civilian population. That is why the Decree of the President of Ukraine made a decision to create a memorial complex to residents of settlements Ukraine destroyed by the Nazi occupiers of museum exhibitions all burned towns and villages of Ukraine. Earlier in the country and the world this crime against humanity was virtually unknown. Continue and research, which is a significant contribution to the creation of the memorial complex.